Decreed by the high Council of Free Trade‑Industrial Zones on the November 30th 1999
Chapter 1 :Definition
In these regulations, the following terms are used in lieu of the corresponding phrases:
Act: The Act on Administration of the Free Trade -Industrial Zones of the Islamic Republic of Iran and its due amendments;
Regulations: The Administrative Regulations on the Article 18 of the Act on Administration of the Free ‘trade – Industrial Zones of the Islamic Republic of Iran;
Central Bank: The Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran;
High Council: ‘the Iligh Council of the Free Trade – Industrial Zones of the Islamic Republic of Iran;
Authority: The Organization in charge of administration of each of the Free Trade- Industrial Zones of the Islamic Republic of Iran;
Zone: Each of the Free Zones established in accordance with the provisions of the Act on Administration of the Free Trade Industrial Zones of the Islamic Republic of Iran and its due amendments;
Bank: The banks being authorized to carry out operations in a Zone;
Branch: A unit of an Iranian or a foreign bank or credit institute which undertakes authorised banking operations in accordance with the statute of its parent bank or institute and within the Iramework offte Zone rules and regulations;
Institute: The credit institutes ha\ ing operation permit in a lone;
Banking Units: Iranian and foreign banks and credit institutes and branches of the same having authorization for operations in a Zone;
Offshore Banking: Various kinds of banking operations performed exclusively in foreign currencies;
Representation Office: Representation off‑ices of banks and credit institutes which are established in a zone.
Chapter 2: Conrlitions For Establishing
Banks & Institutes
Establishment of banks and institutes and engagement in banking operations and using the names ” Bank ” or ” Institute ” in a ‘Lone shall be permissible solely through compliance with the provisions of the Act and these Administrative Regulations and the relevant Instruction ( Juidelines.
The banking units which receive the license for offshore banking operations are required to use the term ” Offshore ” along with their names.
Banks and institutes with either Iranian or foreign capital or with Iranian or foreign partnership being registered in a ‘Lone and whose main office being located in the same Zone shall be regarded as the registered Iranian banks or institutes in the ‘Lone.
Establishment of banks and institutes and setting up of branches of banks and institutes, either Iranian or torcign, in the Zones shall be subject to the recommendation of the Authority and issuance of the due license by the Central Bank.
The Monetary and Credit Council thereto shall alter being recommended by the Authority, confirm statrrtcs of banks and institutes and any other amendments.
Establishment of banks and institutes as public or private joint ‑‑ stock companies with nominal shares shall be permissible in accordance with the law and subsequent bylaw and stipulated provisions of the Amendment Bill to parts of the Commercial Code adopted in 1968.
Registration of banks or institutes or branches of foreign banks in a Zone shall be contingent upon issuance of the license subject of the Article 4 of these Administrative Regulations. The registry authority in a lone is obliged to demand the said license prior to registering the banks and institutes.
Establishment of representation offices of the Iranian or foreign banks and institutes shall be subject to confirmation of the Authority as well as the registry authority in the Zone. Such offices are not authorized to perform any banking transactions and operations.
The Branches of banks which are established prior to the adoption of these Administrative Regulations, in a Zone, shall not require to obtain new licenses; however, the operations ofthe aforementioned branches shall be in accordance with the provisions of these Administrative kcl;ulations and the relevant Instruction Guidelines.
The minimum amounts of capital of the banking units in a Zone are as follows:
a.Banks: minimum of 35,000,0110,000.00 (thirty five billion)
Rials, one hundred percent of which shall be deposited in cash
with the Central Bank
b.Institutes: A minimum of 15,000,00(1,0()0.00 (fifteen billion)
Rials, one hundred percent oft\htch shall be deposited in cash
with the Central Bank.
c. Branches of foreign banks or institutes: A minimum of 10,00(1,000,000.00 (ten billion) Rials, One hundred percent of which shall be deposited in cash with the Central Bank.
d.Offshore Banking Units:
1 . For Banks: A minimum of 10,000,000.00 (ten million)
U. S. Dollars, one hundred percent of’whtch shall be
deposited in cash with the Central Bank.
2.For Institutes: A minimum of 5,000,000.00 (five
million) U. S. Dollars, one hundred percent of which
shall be deposited in cash with the Central Bank
3. For branches of fiireign banks or institutes: A
minimum of 3,000,000.()0 (three million) U. S.
Dollars, one hundred percent ol~ which shall be
deposited in cash with the Central Bank.
Issuance of the establishment license for the banking units with foreign
capital subject of the above paragraphs a, b and c shall be subject to
submission of the foreign currency sale declaration to one of the
established banking units in the Zones, equivalent to the capital
belonging to foreign nationals.
The banking units shall utilize the amounts deposited with the Central Bank after the registration ail the same and submission ofthe due documents.
The Central Bank is entitled to alter, at its own discretion, the minimum amount of the liquid capital of the banking units.
The banks and institutes being operational in a Zone are entitled to establish their branches (in the Zones) subject to securing the agreement of the Authority and confirmation of the Central Batik.
Chapter 3:Exchange System of the Free Zones
Buying and selling of all currencies in exchange of Rial or other currencies and all currency transactions and transfers in the /,ones, by natural and legal persons, are permissible.
Transfer of all currencies from outside the country to the Zones and vise versa, by natural and legal person, is permissible.
Transfer of currencies from other parts of the country to the Zones and vise ‑ versa, by natural and legal persons, shall be subject to the foreign currency rules and regulations of the country.
The exchange rates for foreign currencies and their exchange rates vis‑a-vis Rial shall be determined on the basis of their supply and demand in the free market.
Chapter 4:Conditions for Operations
Banks and institutes and branches thereto shall be entitled to commence their operations after securing the due establishment license subject of the Article 4 of these Administrative Regulations, being registered by the lone Registry authority, complying with the provisions of these Administrative Regulations and submission of the documents specified hereunder:
- Registration notice published in [lie Official Gazette;
- A copy of the registered statute;
- Announcement of the legal address.
the criteria tbr the operations of banking units in the Zones are as follows:
- All the banking units in the Zones shall be subject to the provisions of these Administrative Regulations and the relevant Instruction Guidelines.
b.Transactions of the Zone banking units in the Iranian Rial shall be subject to the provisions of the Islamic Banking S~ stem. The said units are entitled to complN with the international banking procedures in their turcion currencN transacl ions.
The monetary and credit regulations adopted by the Central Bank for the established banking units in the Zones shall be devised in line with the objective of encouraging and facilitating investments in the Zones as well as preserving the international conlpc1ltive status ofllte same.
The offshore banking units shall not be entitled to perform banking operations in the Iranian Rial.
The banking units are required to secure the due license from the Central bank for their foreign currency transactions. The said units may include the request for the license concerning the foreign exchange operations in their application fir establishtocrtt.
The banking units having the required license for exchange operations are entitled to provide the following services, on the basis of the type of the license which they secure, and in compliance with the provisions of these Administrative Regulations as well its file latter’s Instruction Guidelines:
a)Granting various kinds of credit facilities;
b)Purchase and guarantee of variety of commercial papers;
c)Taking charge of all businesses pertaining to documentary credits, bills of exchange, drafts and surety bonds;
d)Management of assets and provision of investment services in account of clients;
e)Providing all kinds of depositary and managerial services;
f)Performance of other permissible banking operations.
The institutes are not entitled to keep current accounts in loreign exchange for their customers.
The commission for the banking operations, the rate of interest for the granted and received credit facilities as well as the rate of interest for the various kinds of deposits in the international banking operations shall be determined by the conditions in the free market.
The banking units, excluding the offshore banking unit. shall be entitled to secure their required financial resources in Rial in accordance with the provisions of the non‑usury Banking Operations Law as well its the other laws and regulations in force through the following means:
a)Admission of interest‑free current and saving deposits;
b)Admission of investment time deposits;
c)Issuing of partnership bonds;
d)Receiving credit facilities from natural and legal persons.
The credit institutes shall not be entitled to receive interest‑free current deposits in Rial from their clients.
The banking units, excluding the offshore banking units, shall be entitled to grant credit facilities in Rial, within the framework of the Interest‑Free Banking Operations Law.
The banking units, excluding the offshore banking units in the Zones, shall be entitled to undertake the other permissible banking operations in Rial, in accordance with the provisions of their own statutes.
The banks and institutes in the Zones shall not be entitled to increase their capital through the re‑assessment of their assets.
The banks and institutes and branches of foreign banks and institutes in the ones shall constantly be required to consign, as legal deposit, to the Central Bank a fraction of the deposits consigned to them in the amount and the kinds of currencies determined by the latter. The amount and hinds of currencies concerning the legal deposits may differ on the basis of the kinds of deposits and the scope of the banks’ and institutes’ operations.
The Central Bank shall pay an appropriate rate of interest in foreign currencies, at its own discretion, to the received legal deposits in the foreign currencies.
The Banks and institutes and the branches of foreign banks and institutes in the Zones shall be required to preserve a traction of their annual net profits as legal reserve. The ratio of the said reserve shall be at least I S (fifteen) percent ofthe net profit. Preservation ofthe aforementioned reserve shall be optional after its accumulated sum has increased to as much as the amount of the capital.
Foreign currency assets and liabilities of the banking units based in the Zones are to be converted, on the basis of the free market rates, at the termination of each financial term.
The Zone ‑ based banking units are not entitled to accept their own shares as surties for their granted facilities.
The banks and institutes based in the Zones are not entitled to perform the operations as follows:
a)Buying and selling goods in their own accounts and
with the purpose of trading, unless such operations
are performed in line with the implementation of the
Non‑usury Banking Operations Law or to meet their
own internal needs;
b)Real ‑ estate transactions exceeding the adopted
quota by the Central Bank, exclusive ofthe banks
and institutes whose main mandate entitles them to
c)Buying shares of one or more than one companies
or purchase of other securities in their own
accounts, exceeding the adopted quota by the
d)Granting credit facilities to their managing director
and board members and to the companies in which
the latter persons hold interests, exceeding the
adopted quota by the Central Bank;
e)Granting credit facilities to the board members and
directors of the ‘Lone Authority and members of
departments, directors and inspectors of the Central
Bank, unless in compliance with the special
regulations which shall be adopted to this effect by
the Central Bank.
Should the capital of the established banks and institutes in the Zones decline, due to any damage or loss, from the minimum amount provided in the Article 8 of these Administrative Regulations, action should be taken by the formers to replenish the capital to the afrosaid amount in a period not exceeding six months.
Chapter 5: Regulations on Supervision Over Banking Units in the Zones
All banks and institutes and branches of foreign banks and institutes based in the Zones shall operate under the supervision of the Central Bank and while providing the latter with its required information, they shall comply with the rules and regulations as follows:
a)Compliance with the monetary and credit policies adopted
by the Central Bank;
b)Consign their legal deposits with the Central Bank for the
duration and with in the frameworks determined by the
c)Arrange and keep the headings of their accounts and
financial statements in accordance with the endorsed rules
of the Central Bank;
d)Observe the adopted rules and regulations of the Central
Bank regarding, inter alia, capital adequacy;
e)Dispatch the following data and information to the Central Bank on the basis of the determined frameworks and the specified duration:
‑ Abstracts of General Ledger and Financial statements of the legal deposits;
‑ Financial statements, including the balance sheets and profit and loss accounts, which have been certified by independent auditors Mho enjoN the sponsorship of the Central llank;
I)To submit to the Central Bank the other information at any
time deemed necessary by the latter. Such information hall
be treated as confidential and shall not be published con a
case ‑ by ‑ case basis.
g) Extend their cooperation with the authorized inspectors
who shall attend at the places of their assignment with written
warrants and provide to the latter with the necessary
Should continuation of the banking units’ operations in a Zone involve, by the discretion of the Central Bank, any risks, the latter shall be entitled to assign a comptroller to the concerned banking units.
Chapters 6:Miscellaneous Regulations
Members of the Board of Directors, Managing Directors, First Deputy Managing Directors and members of the Executive Boards of banks and institutes as well as directors of branches of the Iranian and foreign banks and institutes in the Zones should be accredited for their professional competence by the Central Bank.
The banking units in a Zone shall be field responsible for the losses caused by their operations for customers and are obliged to indemnify the latter for such losses. The Managing Director and members of the Board of Directors of each bank or institute in a Zone shall also be held responsible towards the shareholders and customers for the losses caused by any of them because of violating these regulations or provisions of their statutes.
In order to facilitate interchange of~checks and bank shares a Clearing House shall be set up by the banking units in a Zone with the sponsorship of the Central Bank. The operational expenses of the said Clearing House shall be borne by the aforementioned banking units.
The manner in which securities, documents and books should be preserved, the arrangement for the settlement of disputes, dissolution and bankruptcy of banking units (in a Zone) and other issues which have not been provided by these Regulations shall be dealt with in accordance with the provisions of the Monetary and Banking Law, ratified in 1973. The Instruction Guidelines concerning implementation of these Regulations shall be adopted by the Central Bank.
This text substitutes the Cabinet Decree No. 179927T/51860